A mole is a hyperpigmented (usually black colored) spot or irregularly raised lesion on the skin. It can be present on the skin of any part of the body but mostly involves the back and face. People confuse few other skin lesions like birth marks, hemangiomas and keratosis with moles but they are different.
Moles can be of two types; either they are present at the time of birth or they may appear as one grows.
Exposure to the sun is a well documented cause of moles. Ultraviolet rays of the sun cause some genetic changes in the skin leading to the formation of some precancerous moles like dysplastic or atypical moles. In addition to ultraviolet rays, heredity plays a major role in the causation of malignant moles leading to basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma of the skin. Although few of the classes of moles are malignant, however, most of the moles are benign which do not require any treatment and are usually removed for cosmetic purposes.
Common methods used for the mole removal are:
- Cutting or excising the mole – it is carried out with or without the help of stitches. The selection of methods depends on the part of the skin involved, how deep the mole is and what cosmetic outcome is expected by the patient
- Cauterization – in this method the mole is excised by burning it away with electro pr chemical cauterization
- Laser – it is rarely used because this technique is not very effective in treating deep moles because of low penetration of laser light
- Skin infections due to non sterile technique
- Allergy to local anesthetic
- Loss of sensation occurs due to damage to the nerve during the procedure, but this is rare
Some of the complications associated with the procedure are:
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Removal of moles, warts and lumps/cysts are by far the most common operations in Plastic surgery. They could be removed if they have undergone change in appearance and / or size or simply for cosmetic reasons. The majority of the cases can be done under a local anaesthetic (you are awake). The scars tend to settle very well, however in a small number of patients the scar can be red and lumpy. It is s safer practice that when removed, they are sent for histology (to be tested). The information provided gives you a basic understanding of the procedures available for moles, warts and cysts but it may not answer all your questions, a lot depends on your individual circumstances. This website provides guidance and is not intended to be a substit...
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